Standard Name: TEMBUSU (Heavy Hardwood)
Botanica Name: Fragraea fragrans, F. gigantea and F. elliptica
Distribution: Found in mountain forests, lowland dipterocarp forest, hillsides and some swampy areas
Grown and Harvested in Singapore: Heritage tree, felled mainly due to redevelopment or due to diseases in trees
General description: Sapwood is usually not well-defined from the heartwood, which is light yellow-brown, darkening on exposure to deep golden or orange-brown.
Grain: Usually straight to slightly wavy
Texture: Fine and even
Common Uses: Suitable for heavy construction, bridges, wharves, heavy-duty flooring, parquet flooring, heavy-duty furniture, butchers’ block
Our recommendation: Tembusu is rarely felled locally and hence rarely found in sawmills of Singapore. Known for its hardness, Tembusu is commonly used as chopping boards and timber decking locally.
Due to lack of competition for sunlight, the Tembusu grown locally are seldom straight enough for large, straight planks to be harvested. Normally 200mm – 300mm width will be rare while sizes like 95mm x 20mm cross-sectional areas should easily be available.
These materials are generally good for outdoor decking or even timber cladding, which can last on average between 5-10 years with proper upkeep (without chemical treatment).
Common sizes available:
95mm x 20mm x 3ft – 6ft
300mm diameter x 40mm thickness (round slab)